Antibodies, their types and their relationship to Covid 19

Antibodies, their types and their relationship to Covid 19

Antibodies, function, types and relationship to Covid 19 virus

The germs are found everywhere. They inhabit water, wind, food, plants, and even the human body. Rather, the immune system with its parts, including this antibody, is a pivotal role in preventing the swelling of these bacteria, which reduces the abnormalities of abrasion. Therefore, it is necessary to know what are the antibodies, their functions, and how and how to support their role in the forces opposing pathogens.

What are antibodies?

Also known as immunoglobulin, and it is made of a protective protein that the immune system produces as a reaction due to the presence of a foreign substance or bacteria in the body called the antigen, as the specialized white blood cells known as lymphocytes produce antibodies, which in turn determine these antigens and adhere to them with the aim of Destroy it until the body recovers.

Antibody functions
It performs three basic functions:

The release of antibodies into the blood and mucous membranes is stripped, as they adhere to and destroy foreign bodies such as pathogens and toxins. It activates the complementary pattern of destruction of bacterial cells by decomposition by holes in the cell wall. The swallowing process is facilitated by phagocytosis by phagocytic cells.

Antibody forms

It can be installed in five types according to its activity and its fixed region. Each pattern is strategized with a letter attached to abbreviate the word immunoglobulin as follows: IgG, IgM, IgA, IgD and IgE

IgA objects

This variety plays a major role in protecting the body against pathogens that attack the body by inhalation or swallowing, and it is present in overwhelming proportions in the mucous membranes such as the mucous membranes of the lungs and nasal sinuses, saliva, tears, breast milk, and intestinal fluids.

IgM objects

This role crystallizes the role of these bodies in guarding cells from foreign bodies and preventing them from coming to internal users, as it is the largest protection line for your body in the face of infections. This class is the largest among other forms, and it represents about 5% of all antibodies present in the blood.

IgG objects

They are present in varying body fluids, as they constitute about seventy-75% of all antibodies present in the blood and other body fluids, and given their small size and high readiness to spread, they move easily in cells, and their role in protecting the body versus foreign particles crystallizes by remembering the germs That she was subjected to before. IgG is the single antibody that can cross the placenta and thus provides negative immunity to the fetus and infants in the first few months of life.

For IgE objects

This type of body works to protect the body from parasitic diseases as it is noticeably concentrated in the context of coming to allergens such as dust, pollen, animal dander, and allergens.

IgD objects

Regardless of the fact that its exact method of operation is not intuitive until this moment, it is only found in sizes that are few in the fibers that line the abdomen or chest.
The tests required to detect immunoglobulin of Covid 19 virus
Analyzes of detection of the immunoglobulin of Covid 19 virus are based on IgG and IgM type tests that the body generates in response to SARS-CoV-2 infection.

It is common for IgMs to be the first to be generated by the body due to an infection. After this, it terminates the generation of IgG-type bodies, which replace the IgM system as the most present type in the body in order to respond to the infection. IgG and IgM work together to fight infection, so by targeting specific antigens on the SARS-CoV-2 surface.
It should be noted that tests for the immunoglobulin of the Covid 19 “Covid 19” virus cannot detect the presence of the virus. As an analysis test it should be used next to a genetic test to determine the exact circumstance. The genetic test is the necessary measure to diagnose Covid 19 virus.

How do you enhance the action of antibodies?

Some food compounds can play a key role in helping your body fight viruses and bacteria, and protein is counted by a person from these compounds. This goes back to the antibodies that support you in killing foreign bodies, which are actually made of protein, just as protein-rich foods contain other food ingredients that boost the immune system. Foods rich in routine include lentils, beans, tuna, eggs, almonds, and dairy goods.
Moreover, vacant beef chunks of fats, beans, soybeans, and seafood such as shellfish and sea metastasis include zinc, which supports the release of white blood cells to withstand the infection factors.
Also, keep the habit of walking every day for a minimum of ten minutes, as daily and moderate physical activity enhances the work of the immune system just as it supports antibodies and white blood cells to move in a faster fashion in the body.
Reduce your psychosocial stress levels and by doing physical exercise, rest and rest activities. A limited number of research has demonstrated that increased anxiety rates leave its effect on white blood cell functions, make them the lowest inflammatory response and increase chances of messing up with the disease.

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