Childrenhealth

Infectious diseases in infancy

Infectious diseases in childhood


Infectious diseases in childhood and school

There are many infectious diseases that affect children in different stages of their lives, and in this article we will talk about infectious diseases of special importance in childhood, in breastfeeding, pre-school and school age, such as (measles – rubella – and smallpox – and mumps) – Polio), we will learn together in detail about each of them and methods of prevention in detail in several articles.

1- Measles

The mortality rate of cases increases whenever the infection occurs early in life, and with the presence of malnutrition, these two things represent the situation in most developing countries, and the reservoir of infection is the sick person only and there is no carrier of infection or a non-human warehouse, and the virus emerges through the secretions of the nose, pharynx, and urine .

Methods of transmission

The infection is transmitted by droplets and direct contact with the secretions of the patient’s nose and pharynx, or indirect contact through tools contaminated with the secretions of the patient’s nose and pharynx. The virus also travels through the air at times and this is the weakest possibility, the causer enters the body through the conjunctiva of the eye, through the nose and pharynx The incubation period is 10 days.

Symptoms of the disease

The symptoms of a measles infection are similar to the symptoms of a common cold (fever – colds – conjunctivitis – coughs) and there is a rash period of 4-7 days, the disease is more severe in infants than in adults, and the most important complications are encephalitis, pneumonia, and hemorrhagic measles. , Bowel morbidity, dehydration, and severe skin infections in malnourished infants, and death rates in these cases amount to approximately 5-10%.

2- German measles

Rubella is a viral disease characterized by a rash. This disease appears all over the world, and its infections occur in the winter and spring periods. Most infections occur among young children, but they occur between adolescents and adults with a higher rate of congenital disease if the infection occurs during pregnancy, and the depot is infected Here only the human, the virus is excreted through the secretions of the nose and pharynx, and to a lesser extent through the urine and feces.

Methods of transmission

The disease is transmitted by droplets, direct contact with the secretions of the patient’s nose, pharynx, and urine, as well as indirect contact through tools contaminated with these secretions, and it is transmitted from the pregnant woman to the fetus through the placenta, also transmitted through the air sometimes but on a small scale, and the way of entering the disease To the body, through the nose and pharynx, and to infants through the breast.

Symptoms of the disease

The appearance of a rash and it is preceded by a period similar to the symptoms of a common cold for two days, especially in adults (mild fever – mild colds – malaise – enlarged cervical lymph nodes – conjunctivitis) and German measles acquires its true importance from its risk to the fetus when a pregnant woman develops where measles occurs German congenital malformation, if an infection occurs for a pregnant woman during the first three months of pregnancy, then this possibility decreases greatly to become rare after the twentieth week of pregnancy.

Infection prevention and control

To prevent infection, by diluting the vaccine, and educating the public about the benefits of vaccination during early childhood, in case of infection in early pregnancy or giving the vaccine to an infected pregnant woman, abortion should be considered because of the potential harm to the fetus, when an epidemic occurs in a school or residential area, Consider a comprehensive vaccination for all members of the school or residential area.

In the end, I would like to make it clear that this article is the beginning of several articles on   infectious viral diseases of importance in childhood and school. Thank you very much for following up. We are happy to visit the Health and Beauty Blog

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